Natural insulation of the chimney
A masonry chimney consists of mantle stones with an internal exhaust pipe. In between, insulating material is often used in modern chimneys. This type of insulation is already more effective than an external insulation could be.
Possible protection against sooting
Sooting always occurs when the exhaust gases cool down too fast on the way through the chimney and the steam and some acids, including sulfuric acid, condense.
The condensate can seep into the outer shell of the chimney, lead to the swelling of the cement and thus burst the chimney. Constant moistening with the condensate also damages the chimney and can cause frost freezing. In addition, in the affected areas often produces a pervasive, sulfuric odor.
Insulating measures on the chimney should prevent the exhaust gases in the unheated roof area from cooling too quickly and thus condensing. That can be effective - but it does not have to be.
Grounds that oppose insulation
Sooting can also be prevented or eliminated by increasing the exhaust gas temperature
- The simple installation of a ventilation flap for a higher chimney draft fulfills the same purpose
- Due to the insulation measures, the stove only dries very slowly or not at all Condensate continues to work. The smell will stay that way. Therefore, other solutions are often more advantageous.
- Insulation materials that are suitable for the chimney
Above all, it is important to use insulating materials that are not flammable. This is best used rock wool or mineral wool. Styrofoam plates must not be used (!). You must have a minimum distance of 5 cm to the chimney.
Tips & TricksBefore insulating or sheathing a chimney with buried areas, the plaster must be completely knocked off and the joints scraped out. Very damp masonry should be able to dry out first.