Stone walls are used to create basic structures in the garden, to secure beds and embankments, to create opaque areas and to create enclosures. The spectrum ranges from low natural stone drywall to smooth and high brick barriers and structures. Almost every type of stone wall can be made by yourself.
Variants of the raw material
Stone walls perfectly match the natural plant environment in a garden. As raw materials and stones are available in different preparation and processing forms:
- Unprocessed boulders in round and oval shapes
- boulders of irregular rock fractures with irregular geometric shapes
- Partially processed natural stones in bar, cuboid or cube shapes
- Natural stone with slightly irregularities
- Smooth and geometrically identical cut stones
Corresponding to the terrain, the personal taste and the selected types of stone, a stone wall can be created in dry or wet construction:
- Solid natural stone wall of "stacked" stones with or without mortar connection
- Solid masonry wall with dressed Natural stone and geometric finish
- Concrete wall clad with natural stone or slabs
- Partly or fully plastered stone wall
Applications and functions
A stone wall in the garden may differ from the veneer of a stone wall Boring ramparts through a natural stone wall on a slope
- Surrounding a free space or platform also for weather and wind protection
- Limitation of a staircase, a path or a path
- Garden enclosure as a screen and safety boundary
- Underground for design Effects such as for a biotope or a gabion grid
- Enclosing of single-use areas such as a barbecue area or fire place
- Installation of jewelery installations such as wells and planting bed coils
- Planning factors and assembly parameters
The fixing and construction form must be selected and calculated from a static point of view. A stone wall up to the height of 1.20 meters requires only a small amount of specialist knowledge. Safety and stability are already easy to assess with common sense. At higher altitudes, static expertise should be included.
If a stone wall is exposed to lateral loads caused by wind and / or soil, it is also necessary to take into account variable forces such as extreme precipitation or wet soil. This is especially true for the appropriate foundation and attachment of the stone wall on the supporting ground.
Tips & tricksStone walls and walls are in many cases good for hiding lines. When planning, consider possible lighting and irrigation systems.