A house is designed and built analogously to the budget and / or the client's ideas. This results in the discrepancy that the entire floor plan does not have to be permanently adapted to the ideas and requirements of the residents. Then possibly a wall breakthrough is necessary. How you open a wall and make a wall break, we have below for you executed.
The requirements for a house change over time
In a subsequently purchased house, the floor plan for the residents usually does not match their requirements. But even if builders and residents remain the same people, that does not mean that the house is optimally built. Either compromises had to be made at the beginning of planning, life's practice in the home reveals a different need or the entire life situation has simply changed. Vorbereit Prepare a wall breakthrough
This will then also include the change requests for the floor plan. Either a wall opening is needed to enlarge a living space or living area, or a door should be placed elsewhere. This is where the differences already begin, although the procedure remains basically the same:
Checking the static
- Preliminary planning anpassen Adapting the electrical system and plumbing
- Ordering a debris container
- Preparing premises
- Performing a wall break
- Checking the statics
- A load-bearing wall must not be torn off Weight of the building with derives. A first clue here can provide the roof (but not exclusively!). A rafter roof derives the weight on the outside over the knee stick, while the Pfettendachstuhl within the plan stand are available, which derive the weight on underlying underlying walls.
It is important to distinguish between a breakthrough for a door (or a window), because when you break off the entire wall, work on a load-bearing wall is completely eliminated. In the case of a door opening, on the other hand, a fall can compensate the wall opening up to a certain width. For this, however, a structural engineer or an architect must be consulted.
The preliminary planning
Now that the static questions have been clarified, a timetable must be drawn up. The building rubbish container must be ordered "in time", the material for covering and all necessary tools must be present. In addition, it must be clarified how electrical and sanitary installations are handled. It becomes problematic if one of the installations on the relevant wall is only continued to other parts of the building.
However, if the installation ends on the relevant wall, the electrical system can be disconnected, while water pipes must be provided with blind plugs. It must therefore also be present for redirecting or separating the installations, the right material. In the case of a door breach, the required lintel must be present in advance in order to use it immediately after opening the wall can. Anpassen Adapting the electrical system and water installation
This is now largely the first practical step, as long as it does not coincide with the wall breakthrough.
Final preparation work
Then the rubbish container is ordered and all premises are to be covered. Keep in mind that the dust from construction debris will really penetrate into the last crevice if you do not take countermeasures. After years you will still have to deal with the dust. Durch Break through the wall
Now you can start with the actual wall breakthrough. To do this, first use a miter or a hammer with a chisel to remove the plaster on a relatively large piece. The purpose behind it is to see the joints (mortar, glue) between the stones and to knock out the first stones at these weak points. After that, you can lay down flat with the sledgehammer and the rest of the wall can be broken off relatively easily.
Other procedures for demolition
If the wall is made of a soft stone such as cellular concrete (aerated concrete), the use of a stone saw or milling machine should be considered.