Of course, the façade of each wooden house can be clad or plastered. However, if you appreciate the wood look and do not want to "hide", there are some types of facades available. In addition to the optical criteria, structural properties such as precipitation runoff behavior must be taken into account.
Performance criteria for wooden facades
Wood as the outer skin of a house is exposed to all weather conditions. The facades are next to the roof, the shield against all external influences. Several factors determine the resistance, durability and stability of wood facades:
Species of wood should be selected for weather-resistant woody plants. Larch wood is the most recommendable at moderate prices, red cedar is of high quality and much more expensive. The native coniferous trees also provide useful properties, but are significantly exceeded by deciduous trees. The heartwood of robinia and oak wood provides the highest resistance values.
Façade construction and profiles
In façade construction, a distinction can be made between four construction forms. Vertical or horizontal profiles, shingles or surface panels form the façade. Especially with horizontal profiles attention must be paid to the water drainage behavior. From top to bottom beveled facades are the most common form.
Proportion of uncovered surfaces
The positioning of windows and doors and the overhanging of main and canopies means that façades can be largely "protected". Also bay sections with roofing and laterally framing function reduce direct weather effects such as wind and precipitation.
The cutting style of the façade timbers must take into account the nature of the wood in the grain and in the trunk. Sapwood is not suitable for facades and the annual rings must point to sustainably grown wood.
When selecting the wood, the intended wood treatment must also be considered with foresight. If glaze and lacquer applications are planned, the selected trees must have good adhesion. For untreated facades wood is recommended, which forms a kind of "healthy" mold during weathering patina.
All wooden facades are ventilated applied outer skin layers. The room walls and insulation are located behind the facade wood, which is mounted in closed or overlapping form with a distance in front of it.Tips & TricksAvoid wood-based panels or shingles as façade material. Only solid wood guarantees the natural characteristics of the wood and its resistance.