Acetone is an organic solvent that can be used in different ways. In addition, acetone is also used for cleaning. However, handling acetone for cleaning should be done wisely. Why this is so, we have summarized below for you.
What is acetone?
Although it can be explained quickly, many people still do not understand what acetone is. However, this is understandable because it requires deeper chemical knowledge. Acetone is the oxidation product of secondary alcohols and consists of the simplest ketones. The technically correct name for acetone would be dimethyl ketone or propanone.
The properties of acetone
acetone were discovered at the beginning of the 17th century. The applications are manifold:
- is required for various chemical syntheses
- dissolves various substances such as resins and plastics
- is a cleaning agent in the figurative sense
- is often used in nail polish removers
- is needed for the production of acrylic glass (PMMA)
- has a strong oil and Fat dissolving
Acetone diluted with water
Acetone is usually diluted as a cleaning agent. Technical acetone is therefore absolutely sufficient. Like ketones, acetone can be diluted with water. Since it dissolves resins, synthetic resins and plastics, it can also be used for thinning.
Caution when cleaning plastic surfaces
However, acetone reacts differently to different plastics. For example, acetone does not harm silicone, but polystyrene completely dissolves it. Lösen Dissolve and efficiently remove fats and oils
In particular, the fat and oil-dissolving properties are highly valued as acetone cleaners. Thus, before soldering, blanks are safely and efficiently degreased using dilute acetone. Even with painters and refinishers, it is preferably used to safely remove oils and greases from surfaces to be painted.
Acetone for cleaning metals
However, there are certain risks here as well. Acetone does not only have a different chemical effect on plastics and resins. Some metals also react vigorously in contact with acetone. With copper, for example, pitting may occur when the non-ferrous metal comes in contact with acetone.
Be careful not only with the solvent when cleaning
These are not only for cleaning points that must be observed. For storage and disposal of acetone, you must use appropriate containers that can not be attacked by the organic solvent.
Tips & TricksAlso in the home, acetone can be useful. So it's not just a useful mold removal tool. Acetone can be used very well directly against mold, so kill the spores.However, health risks must always be considered. On the skin acetone dries out, degreasing and embrittling, can also enter the bloodstream.