Detached walls can fulfill different purposes. In addition, they can also be artistically and visually appealing. Which possibilities and fields of application exist, and which design ideas are particularly interesting, read in this article.
Fields of application
Detached walls are rarely used indoors. Usually you will find yourself in the garden or front yard.
They can fulfill very different purposes:
- Optical separation
- Screen protection
- Wind screen
- Bed restraint (for low walls)
- Decorative element
- Slope support
Depending on the area of use, the length and height of the wall are individually different. This also distinguishes the optical design options.
Important prerequisites wichtige Important prerequisites must be complied with before the wall is built.
Freestanding wall does not always require a building permit. This depends on the type, height and location of the wall in the garden, and may vary from municipality to municipality.
Advance information in the responsible building authority is always advisable. There you will also receive information about whether you need to apply for an official building permit, or just have to bring the construction project to the attention of the Office.
Depending on the municipality, only certain heights and lengths are permitted. In addition, certain fixed distances to buildings and property boundaries must be adhered to.
You will also receive information about which values must be taken into account in your local building authority.
Each freestanding wall requires a foundation that is located in the frost-free area. The width and depth of the foundation must be appropriate to the wall weight, the concrete used for the foundation must also be suitable for this. As a rule, lean concrete (C25) is used.
A gravel layer as a foundation is only sufficient for natural stone walls up to a height of 50 cm. But it is also better to concretise here.
A wall designed to intercept a slope must meet certain standards. In many cases, the applicable requirements are not met here. But this can lead to very dangerous situations. Stütz Retaining walls are no longer permitted beyond a certain slope and height. Then professionally a differently designed support solution must be found. So-called slope system are not suitable for DIY, but must be professionally installed by a professional.
Corresponding foundations and drainage as well as staggered stone layers must be expertly applied, as required by DIN. So be sure to rely on a specialist company here. DIY can be very dangerous!
Natural stone walls
Natural stone walls look rustic and can be individually designed by selecting natural stone. All sorts of natural stones are used here - from sandstone to granite. Before building, you should also consider the stone weight, and then select the stone size.
Ruin walls have been in high demand for some years now. Both as a screen and windscreen as well as decorative bedding borders. The wall is left incomplete at the top - as in a ruin - and thus gets a very rustic look.
The best way to do this is to use used bricks, which can also be bought cheaply. Otherwise, there are also special kits in the trade.
Decoration of the wall itself
From the mill wheel encased in the wall to lighting and covering with antique roof tiles - there are hardly any limits to your own creativity. The combination of a matching type of stone and appropriate decorative materials can produce interesting visual effects.