A dress for the home - Cladding is still very common today and has become increasingly popular in recent years. Most of them are already fixed on a disguise material from the outset - although there are actually a lot of possibilities. In any case, you should get an overview of any final decisions.
Natural materials for house cladding
A fundamental decision that has to be made first of all is whether the cladding of the facade should be made with natural materials or with industrially produced material. Natural materials are much more ecological, in many cases also more durable than artificially produced facade cladding - but usually also more expensive. But when it comes only to the protection of the weather side of the facade, then the price is often in the frame.
Natural materials for house cladding are mainly natural slate and granite - possibly also wood paneling, especially in the gable area.
As far as wooden cladding is concerned, they are rarely used for a whole façade, but usually only for decorative cladding of the gable area. Basically, however, it is possible to disguise the entire facade, which must be resorted to appropriately treated woods.
It also speaks in favor of natural materials that they usually provide good conditions for ventilated facades - for example, for exterior insulation.
Industrially manufactured building materials for cladding
The possibilities are manifold - from artificial slate in different designs to different types of plastic boards as well as clinker boards.
Eternit is also considered as a synthetic slate - it is concrete fiber slabs that can be used both for roofs and cladding. They no longer contain asbestos today.
Very widespread - although often considered cheap and not very nice - are GRP panels made of glass fiber reinforced plastic. But they also offer a particularly high weather protection as a synthetic material and are very durable as plastics. For many ventilated facades of modern buildings, they are the standard choice because they are particularly cheap.
Clinker facades - especially in northern Germany, where high winds and heavy driving rain are widespread - are also classics today. Here, either individual clinker bricks can be plastered as a facade, which is usually a bit more expensive, or the same finished plate products are processed. The quality is - despite the significant price difference usually the same for both options.
Another possibility would be to make the outer wall of the new building straight from bricks - ie brick bricks - to wall.
Comparison of advantages and disadvantages, costs and characteristics
Essentially three criteria play a role in the decision. Optik the appearance
- price and the
- durability of the facade cladding
- natural material has a classic, rustic and traditional appearance. This also applies to slate roofs. They are also very ecological and offer many advantages that only limited materials such as breathability and thermal insulation can offer. The price here is of course the limiting criterion - slate facades are by far the most expensive house dress, even if they can be installed by skilled craftsmen after some guidance even in different installation techniques. The design options here are very diverse, which in turn speaks for slate. The durability over centuries is for a today's decision probably rather a subordinate criterion, since also all other possibilities can easily last several decades. With natural slate, however, one must certainly expect around 70-80 euros per square meter, with special types of laying even more.
Wooden facades, on the other hand, have a problem with durability - and with price. In principle, weatherproof or impregnated wood weathered eventually and must then be renewed. Depending on the treatment and the effects of the weather, this may only be necessary after decades. The look is definitely very classic and appealing. Then only the price question remains. In terms of price, wood façade cladding is roughly within a range of around 60 to 120 euros per square meter, which may still include the costs of counter battens and rear ventilation.
The durability of wooden facades depends in every case on the type of wood used and its treatment - there are also durable and heat-resistant woods made by hot-pressure treatment.
Eternite facades are already a bit worn off today - mainly because of the earlier high asbestos-containing Eternit plates, which today are considered hazardous hazardous waste and still deter many people. Similar to fiberglass panels, the look is generally not much appreciated, although durability and weather protection are consistently present. But Eternitverkleidungen are priced at least in the range between 40 and 60 euros per square meter facade area, sometimes this can be more expensive.
The cladding will last for a few decades, but plastic sheets can become unsightly after just a few years. And you have plastic on the facade. And fiberglass is one of the cheapest cladding options, and they can usually be self-made as well. GRP cladding is possible from around 30 euros per square meter of facade area.
Artificial slate no longer contains harmful substances - plastic sheets and Eternit are therefore harmless.
Clinker façades are consistently located in the middle price range, if they are installed retroactively - the price remains manageable at around 10 to 50 euros per square meter of façade area. The look is classic, if a little reputed, but that can be alleviated a bit by a choice of modern or well-fitting façade bricks. The use of cheaper plate technology is recommended throughout.
Above all, the insulation value of clinker is unsurpassed - all other claddings offer much less heat protection than clinker. This too can be an argument for a clinker facade.
Natural material such as natural slate offers the most classic look, good thermal insulation and clearly the highest price. Clinker clearly offers a very good thermal protection, and is priced and of the durability in the midfield, the cheapest is schist - Eternit, Renolit or GRP plates - which, however, in the field of optics not quite as shine. These criteria should be weighed against each other in a decision.
What is to be considered when making your own?
In most cases, the installation of house cladding is easily possible, only with slate you should really master the desired laying technique and know the values for the minimum required coverage, even with the processing clinker is a little special knowledge necessary, but you can quickly acquire. Sch The Slate Facade - Classics in Germany
Since the Middle Ages, natural slate has been practically the classic in Germany for cladding the façade. Natural slate is mined in whole blocks and then processed into individual slabs. It is a natural material that can be obtained very ecologically and has an enormous lifespan. Der In the past, façade protection was primarily necessary due to the widespread use of timber-framed construction, which makes facades very susceptible to the effects of the weather and driving rain and thus significantly reduces the durability of the building. Slate facades were affordable because of the laborious extraction of the material only for the richer, or in buildings in the public sector, which should be particularly durable.
The durability of slate facades is legendary here, in many buildings that are already several hundred years old, the slate facade often has to be restored only because the nails used for fixing are simply rusted and no longer hold. The slate itself, the centuries weather, however, have usually been able to do almost nothing.