The shed roof is a roof construction, which is mainly found in industrial buildings. Not only that, this roof shape is particularly suitable for large roofs. It has other advantages that still play an important role today. Shed roofs can also be found on residential buildings to a negligible extent.
Origin of the term "shed roof"
In this country, the shed roof is also known as a sawtooth roof. But even the probably derived from English word "shed" for (fish) scales has long been Germanized.
- Scheduled roof
- Scheduled roofing
Shed roof construction
There are two basic types of shed roof construction. In cross-section, both forms then resemble a saw blade. Either rise short roofs to a pent roof, to end at a vertical connecting element.
Or two converging roof halves form an asymmetrical saddle roof. On the entire roof length then several of these roof shapes are ranked one behind the other. Thus, the entire roof can be constructed in its width, but also only individual "tracks".
Advantages and disadvantages of shed roofs
The most obvious reason for shed roofs is the lighting. The roof surfaces - either both, ie the asymmetrical small saddle roof halves or pent roof and vertical component - are designed as glass elements. Thus prevails in a shed roof hall before a high daylight yield. In addition, the glass surfaces can be aligned to the north. Then the sun can not throw any disturbing shadow in the hall.
Especially good for light-intensive work
This is especially important in companies that, for example, dye, paint or otherwise are heavily bound to brightness for precise work. An excessive heating of the hall can also be avoided. The relatively short, individual roof elements also creates a stable supporting framework for supporting the roofs, which allows very large roof areas. But this special design of the shed roofs also brings with it some disadvantages.
The disadvantages of shed roofs
Often both roof halves of the small roof elements are relatively vertical. But at least one of the two halves is very steep to almost vertical. Thus these constructions offer penetrating water large attack surfaces. Therefore, shed roofs are very maintenance and maintenance intensive. Either the respective components must be regularly replaced or re-sealed and provided with corrosion protection. This applies explicitly to older shed roofs.
Occurrence of Shed Roofs
These properties make shed roofs useful in many commercial or industrial buildings that require a lot of light. Often a shed roof hall is even additionally illuminated.
- Factory Halls
- Assembly Halls
- Shopping Centers and Shopping Malls
- Multipurpose and Sports Halls
A Shed Roofed Residential Building?
Use in residential buildings is very rare. If, then most likely in residential complexes, so that their public indoor areas are better lit. Not least, it is the high maintenance costs that make this roof shape relatively uninteresting, although they cause a significant amount of daylight.Tips & Tricks At the beginning of the 1990s, special, patented profile elements came on the market, which should get the disadvantages better under control. The biggest problem with leaks is the meeting of different building materials like glass, metal, wood, plastic and sealants. Because all materials react thermally differently, which leads to these massive and rapid leaks. These novel profiles promise some improvement here.